Program of the training
Wing Chun Grading Structure
Wing Chun training program consists of 10 levels. After termination of next level the disciple receives the sash of specific color. All levels contain two or three sublevels/grades. When the disciple passages grade new logo appears on the disciple`s sash (without color changing). To merit the passing to a higher level of training, all the disciples need to become proficient in a fixed set of exercises, advance in study of Forms, understand new principles and techniques, learn the history of this style and chinese terminology of the technique.
At the first level the disciples usually obtain the White Sash and practice neutral and neutral side stance, counter strike with such blocks as Tan Sao, Wu Sao, Раk Sao, Larp Sao. All the disciples practice the Roll punch (triple round punch), steps in stances and comprehend the principle of the central line defence. Students work on improving themselves discipline and also practice ability to trust themselves (to be self-confident).
For the White Sash receiving every disciple to oath : «I believe that constant practice of the art of Traditional Wing Chun will enable me to transcend to a higher mental and physical level. I shall respect for the Art, Grandmaster Cheung, my Si-Fu, Sihings and Sidais. I shall employ my utmost tolerance and consideration when dealing with people and matters in and outside the Academy.»
At the second level the disciples are able to achieve the Light Blue Sash. At this level the disciple usually copes with the principle of observing the opponent`s leading arm elbow and the combination of blocks with punches (drills) like as Pak Sao, Larp Sao, Tan Sao, Kan Sao, Bil Sao with one punch and Roll punch with steps. He/she also studies the first part of Shil Lim Tao, chinese Wing Chun terminology, some aspects of chinese counting and also the history of Wing Chun briefly. At this level trainer helps to the disciple improving self-discipline and -esteem and regard for others as well, furthermore to understand the principle of central line and simultaneously both arms usage. Hence, such student`s skills as reflexes, speed, strength and coordination are developed.
The third level is the Medium Blue Sash level. To merit the Medium Blue Sash the disciple masters such blocks as Jut Sao, Pak Sao, Bil Sao, Kan Sao, Garn Sao with confidence and combination of single punches / roll punches (with steps or without them); front leg kick and defense against it with Kan Sao; self-defense techniques: against head lock (jab to the eye and elbow to the solar plexus, bring the arm behind the attacker, grab to the hair or the eye, and strike to the throat). On this level the disciple considers First Form Shil Lim (till Bon Sao), masters the technique of double round punch - high and low forms and grinds at Wing Chun general combat strategy too. On this level of Wing Chun studying person improves eye-focusing, coordination and also contact reflexes. In addition to the previous principles, the disciple understands how to avoid fighting against force and uses linear striking strategy and, in addition, person practice pressure points usage to make striking techniques more effective. All Wing Chun exercises develop internal energy (Chi).
The aim of the forth level is to receive the Dark Blue Sash. Now he/she is able to use wide arsenal of leg kicks and understand basic Wing Chun principles more deeply. This style was developed by women, so destine for people, who doesn’t want to use brute force.
To confirm fourth qualification and obtain the Dark Blue Sash the disciple learns Sil Lim Tao completely and its advanced modification, and, in addition, Chi Sao perfoming by one arm. He /she also needs to achieve some entry techniques, such as Bon Sao, Larp Sao blocks. Also there are some more effects from Wing Chun drills, such as the disciple’s reaction acceleration, stress coping and even improvement of the relationship with friends and relatives. On this level the follower needs to exploit the principle of the central line (forcing the opponent to open). The disciple also uses meridian pressure points for sport injures curing.
The fifth level corresponds to the Light Brown Sash. To reach up it the disciple needs to master side leg kicks on different height (with steps or without them), defend himself/herself with blocks Bon Sao and Lap Sao against roll punch (high and low forms). Moreover, the disciple practices two arm blindfolded Chi Sao, trains the first part (till left-sided Bon Sao, Larp Sao) Chum Kil – Second Wing Chun Form, and Wooden Dummy technique till seventh movement. At this level the disciple`s roll punch speed can achieve up to 8 strokes per second. Furthermore, the follower needs to attack opponent’s balance. Wing Chun style develops contact reflexes by Chi Sao. Besides, the disciple marks the leading elbow position and the opponent`s knee and, in result, he/she uses the situation when attention is riveted on your leading elbow to attack with the opposite hand. (не понятно, напиши неа русском)
The sixth level supposes the receipt of the Dark Brown Sash. The certification contains the knowledge of the first and second parts of Chum Kil; the drills consists of side leg kicks with steps, Tan Sao, Larp Sao; defense against the elbow kick, double palm kick, leg block, leg front kick, high round kick; and defense against side and back attack; the knowledge of exercises on Wooden Dummy (8 to 17 movements) and cross-arm random Chi Sao.
On this level the disciple starts to understand all beauty and simplicity of the movements of Wing Chun art. He/she uses new fighting strategy like constant movements (the follower can’t present steady target to the opponent), pressure points applying (for making kick technique more effective) and keep distance (leg kicks usage on further distance). Moreover, the disciple study the art history and philosophy and has already could cure sport injures.
The Black Sash is the seventh level in Traditional Wing Chun art. To get the Sash the follower masters Chum Kil till the end, know how to use high leg kicks (side, thrust), practice cross arm blindfold Chi Sao, do the movements 18-20 in Wooden Dummy. The knowledge of history, theory and philosophy is necessary also. During certification the disciple shows the working knowledge of the two arm butterfly swords and after success finishing the disciple get the Black Sash.
On this level the disciple should understand all 10 fundamental Wing Chun features:
1. Style is developed by women and it’s suited for people who don’t want to use brute force.
2. Wing Chun technique uses straight punches (speed can achieve 8 punches per second).
3. It teaches to use both hands at the same time.
4. Chi Sao develops contact reflexes.
5. Wing Chun teaches to watch the leading arm elbow and the leading leg knee.
6. It’s very simple and easy to learn.
7. This style uses the pressure points to make your punches more effective.
8. Wing Chun art helps to cure sport injures.
9. During exercises with butterfly-swords the follower uses both hands simultaneously.
10. Wing Chun technique includes internal Chi energy control by special breathing.
In the same time the follower should know and use successfully 10 Wing Chun strategies:
1. Use central line and force for the opponent making outside path.
2. Control the opponent’s blind side.
3. Attack the opponent’s balance.
4. Attack the opponent` s open side.
5. Trap the leading elbow.
6. Pin the arms from the blind side.
7. Keep moving at any rate. Should not be the fixed target.
8. Use elbow in close quarters, palm or fiat in the next distance, and kick with front foot on further distance.
9. Use the entry technique.
10. Be calm, be self-confidence. Let your reflexes guide you.
The eighth level of training gives the opportunity to get the Grey Sash of Traditional Wing Chun. The disciple needs to know Chum Kil and the beginning of Bil Jee Form, with application. He/she practices random blindfold Chi Sao with two arms at the same time (with cross and parallel arms) and also represents different techniques of the leg kicks and defense, techniques of entry into opponent`s open zone by the leg kick, techniques against spinning crescent kicks. Moreover, the follower practices self -defense against knife jab and four self-defense techniques. The disciple study Wing Chun history and philosophy of Confucianism also.
The Light Green Sash deserves the disciple, who reaches the nine level of training. He/she performs all forms that he/she has already known with applications – Sil Lim Tao, modified Sil Lim Tao, Chum Kil, Bil Jee. It’s necessary to understand the defense techniques in training with the opponent moving against unarmed opponent and short and long arm (knife, stick, sword, cricket bat, baseball bat etc), to sparring, learns Chi Sao and practices 108 techniques on Wooden Dummy (with one legged wooden dummy, with partner, in the air). Furthermore, at this level the disciple studies Buddhism religion.
The disciple, who has completed the course of tenth level, achieves the Gold Sash. This is the Instructor’s level. At this level the follower learns all written sources related to Wing Chun Forms, Chi Sao and its application, analyses foot work, arm techniques and five stages of the fight. He/she also studies history and philosophy of Wing Chun during 4 month at least. In practice Instructor masters 108 Wooden Dummy techniques, 36 advanced combat techniques, and goes through three sparring for two minutes round, practices random Chi Sao, and also examines Chinese terminology of all techniques. In a result, the disciple obtains National Kung Fu Accreditation Scheme.
Detail information about Wing Chun Grading Structure is here: